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is a city in the southernmost portion of the
, in the
. It is located on
the northern bank of the
, directly north and
across the border from
. Brownsville is the 16th
largest city in the state of Texas and the 3rd largest city on
the border of Texas with
on the U.S. border side.
As of 2010, Brownsville counts with a population of 175,023. In
Matamoros—Brownsville Metropolitan Area
counts with a population of 1,136,995.
Brownsville is the
principal city of the Brownsville–Harlingen
Metropolitan Statistical Area,
which is part of the larger Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville
Combined Statistical Area.
Brownsville is located on the
(marked here by
or Río Bravo del Norte)
palms, dominate Brownsville
neighborhoods to a greater degree than is seen elsewhere in
Texas—even in nearby cities such as
San Benito. Soils are mostly of
clay to silty clay loam texture, moderately alkaline (pH
8.2) to strongly alkaline (pH8.5)
and with a significant degree of
salinity in many places.
According to the
City of Brownsville, the city has a
total area of 147.5 square miles (382 km2), making it by
far the largest American city by land area in the lower
Rio Grande Valley and third largest
American city by land area along the U.S.-Mexico border, after
San Diego, California and
El Paso, Texas. 144.9 square miles
(375 km2) of it is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2)
of it (3.16%) is water.
As of the
of 2010, there were 175,023
people, 38,174 households, and 32,180 families residing in the city.
people per square mile (466.0/km2
). There were 53,936
housing units at an average density of 372.0 per square mile
). The racial makeup of the city is 85.73%
, 0.04% from
, and 0.14% from two or
of any race were 93.19% of
The median income for a household in the city was $24,468, and the
median income for a family was $26,186. Males had a median income of
$21,739 versus $17,116 for females.
Brownsville has been ranked
the third "least brainy" city in the U.S. Source:
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