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Victoria is a city in and the
United States. The population was
60,603 at the
2000 census. The three counties of
Victoria Metropolitan Statistical Area
had a population of 111,163 at the 2000 census
Victoria is located thirty miles inland from the
Gulf of Mexico. The city is a
regional hub for a seven-county area known as the "Golden Crescent"
and serves a retail trade area of over 250,000 people. Victoria is
known as "The Crossroads" because of its location within a two-hour
San Antonio, and
Victoria is named for
Guadalupe Victoria, who became the
first president of independent
The city is home to the
University of Houston–Victoria and
Victoria College. Victoria is the
cathedral city of the
Roman Catholic Diocese of Victoria in Texas.
Victoria is located on the coastal plains of
Texas approximately 50 miles from the Gulf of Mexico and 20 miles
from the nearest bay waters. It lies along and just to the east of
the Guadalupe River. The topography is mostly flat to slightly
rolling with an average elevation of 95 feet. Most of the city is
underlain by smectite-rich clay which is locally capped by silt or
fine sand; the high shrink-swell potential associated with smectite
creates major challenges to urban infrastructure.
Vegetation in better-drained areas consists
primarily of short grasses with post oaks and other small timber and
brush. Moist sites can grow tall forests dominated by elm and pecan.
Victoria is classified as humid sub-tropical.
June through August is very hot and humid with high temperatures
regularly exceeding 90 degrees F. The record high temperature of 111
degrees F. was recorded in September 2000. Spring and Autumn months
are generally mild to warm with lower humidity. Winters are mild
with occasional cold spells. The record low temperature was recorded
in December 1989 when the temperature dropped to 9 degrees F. Snow
is very infrequent, usually occurring on average once every 11
years. On December 24–25, 2004, Victoria recorded its first White
Christmas ever when 12.5 inches of snow fell.
Victoria has occasional severe weather, mostly
from flooding. Hurricanes have the potential to bring severe damage
to the area. Hurricane Claudette in July, 2003, was the last
hurricane to score a direct hit on the city. During this event,
winds gusted to 83 mph at the Victoria Regional Airport and 90% of
the city lost power. The most intense hurricane to affect Victoria
remains Hurricane Carla in September, 1961.
census of 2000, there were 60,603
people, 22,129 households, and 15,755 families residing in the city.
population density was 1,838.3
people per square mile (709.7/km˛). There were 24,192 housing units
at an average density of 733.8 per square mile (283.3/km˛). The
racial makeup of the city was 71.18%
African American, 0.51%
Native American, 1.01%
Pacific Islander, 17.31% from
other races, and 2.35% from two or
Latino of any race were 42.92% of
There were 22,129 households out of which
36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were
married couples living together,
14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8%
were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of an
individual and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of
age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average
family size was 3.21.
In the city the population was spread out with
28.8% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44,
21.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6
males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city
was $36,829, and the median income for a family was $42,866. Males
had a median income of $34,184 versus $21,161 for females. The
per capita income for the city was
$19,009. About 12.2% of families and 14.7% of the population were
poverty line, including 20.4% of
those under the age of 18 and 12.2% ages 65 or older.
Victoria's economy is a mix of education,
health, retail, agriculture, and industry. Its access to major
Victoria Regional Airport, railway
terminals, the shallow draft
Port of Victoria, and the deep
Port of Port Lavaca-Point Comfort
help to sustain a healthy environment for business. Major industrial
employers in the region include Formosa Plastic, the Inteplast
Group, Dow, Invista, and Alcoa. Caterpillar Industries recently
announced that it would build a manufacturing facility in Victoria
that will employ approximately 500 people when it begins production
in mid 2012.
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