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Paris, Texas is a city located 98 miles
(158 km) northeast of the
Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex in
Lamar County, Texas, in the United
States. It is situated in
Northeast Texas at the western edge
Piney Woods. Physiographically,
these regions are part of the West Gulf Coastal Plain.
In 1900, 9,358 people lived in Paris; in
1910, 11,269; in 1920, 15,040; and in 1940, 18,678. As of the 2010
census, the population of the city was 25,171. It is the
county seat of Lamar County and
serves as a business and employment center for the county.
Paris, Texas by
Wim Wenders was named after the
city, but was not set there.
Local residents like the humorous slogan
"Second Largest Paris in the World." Following a tradition of
American cities named "Paris", a 65-foot (20 m) replica of the
Eiffel Tower was constructed in
1993. In 1998, presumably as a response to the 1993 construction of
a 70-foot (21 m) tower in
Paris, Tennessee, the city placed a
giant red cowboy hat atop the tower. The current tower is at least
the second Eiffel Tower replica built in Paris; the first was
constructed of wood and later destroyed by a
It is governed by a
city council as specified in the
city's charter adopted in 1948. It has fewer than 100 police
officers, and fewer than 100 fire fighters. It is rated
Risk Zone 1 for earthquake
potential, the lowest rating.
Paris has long been a railroad center. The
Texas and Pacific reached town in
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway
(later merged into the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway)
St. Louis - San Francisco Railway
in 1887; the
Texas Midland (later
Southern Pacific) in 1894; and the
Paris and Mount Pleasant (Pa-Ma Line) in 1910.
Modern city rating
Paris, Texas was named "Best Small Town in
Texas" in 1998 by Kevin Heubusch in his book The New Rating Guide
to Life in America's Small Cities.
Paris, Texas declared itself to be a
"geriatric" retirement community in the last year promoting
itself to be a place for the elderly to come to pass away. This has
led to an increase in assisted care and nursing facilities. The side
effect of this is that very little investment has or will occur for
families that do locate there.
Paris, Texas has demolished a huge amount of
housing in the last 5 or so years. Many apartment facilities have
also been vacated and/or demolished. This has led to a huge loss of
low priced rental property and many families have left the city, as
the price of rental property has skyrocketed. One apartment complex
was completely gutted by fire recently.
Texas municipalities have recently stopped
bull dozing peoples property as there is a far reaching lawsuit
taking place that could lead to huge damages on behalf of the
Paris, Texas has undergone some business
hardships in recent years with many jobs lost to the recession.
Philips lighting, Paris Industries, Rogers Wade, Paris Feed Mill,
Paris Seed Refinery, Blockbuster, Starbucks and Furrs Diner have all
closed and Sara Lee have announced their closure. Campbell Soup have
cut back to three thermal production lines and have scaled back
employment and laid off numerous maintenance staff.
Turner pipe are embroiled in a Federal racial
and have reduced operations in Paris.
Employers such as Kimberly Clark, Paris Regional Medical Center and
other health care industries, Paris Junior College, and multiple
school systems located in Paris, TX still have operations. There is
new company Daisy Farms, that will add a few additional jobs.
Geography and weather
Paris is located at
/ 33.6625; -95.54778
According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a
total area of 44.4 square miles (115 km2), of which, 42.8
square miles (111 km2) of it is land and 1.7 square miles
(4.4 km2) of it (3.74%) is water.
Paris is located in "Tornado
Alley", an area largely centered on the middle of the
United States which sees tornadoes frequently. Paris is in
USDA plant hardiness zone 7b for
winter temperatures. This is cooler than its southern neighbor
Dallas, Texas, and while similar to
Atlanta, Georgia, it has warmer
summertime temperatures. Summertime average highs reach 94 f and
(35 °C) in July and August,
with associated lows of 72 and 71. Winter temperatures drop to an
average high of 51 and low of 30 in January. The highest temperature
on record was 115, set in August 1936, and the record low was −5,
set in 1930. Average precipitation is 47.82 inches (1,215 mm). Snow
is not unusual, but is by no means predictable, and years can pass
with no snowfall at all.
On April 2, 1982, Paris was hit by an
tornado that destroyed more than
1,500 homes, left ten people dead, 170 injured and
3,000 homeless. The damage toll from this tornado
was estimated at 50 million USD in 1982.
As of the 2010 United States Census there are
25,171 people. As of the
of 2000, there were 25,898 people, 10,570
households, and 6,711 families residing in the city. The population
density was 605.7 people per square mile (233.9/km˛). There were
11,777 housing units at an average density of 275.5 per square mile
(106.4/km˛). The racial makeup of the city was 72.92%
African American, 0.95%
Native American, 0.66%
Pacific Islander, 1.56% from
other races, and 1.63% from two or
Latino of any race were 4.12% of
There were 10,570 households out of which
29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were
married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with
no husband present, and 36.5% are classified as non-families by the
United States Census Bureau. Of
10,570 households, 385 are unmarried partner households: 349
heterosexual, 14 same-sex male, and 22 same-sex female households.
32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with
25.4% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44,
20.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.1
males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city
was $27,438, and the median income for a family was $34,916. Males
had a median income of $29,378 versus $20,080 for females. The per
capita income for the city was $17,137. About 16.5% of families and
20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0%
of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.
In the past, Paris was a major cotton exchange,
and while cotton is still farmed on the lands around Paris, it is no
longer the economic force that it once was.
Paris has one major hospital split on two
campuses: Paris Regional Medical Center South (formerly St. Joseph's
Hospital) and Paris Regional Medical Center North (formerly
McCuistion Regional Medical Center). It serves as center for
healthcare for much of Northeast Texas and Southeast Oklahoma. Both
campuses are now operated jointly under the name of the
Paris Regional Medical Center, a
division of Essent Healthcare. The health network is the largest
employer in the Paris area.
Outside of healthcare, the largest employers
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