As of the
census of 2000, there were 57,564
people, 19,021 households, and 14,360 families residing in the city.
population density was 1,689.6
people per square mile (652.4/km²). There were 23,008 housing units
at an average density of 675.3 per square mile (260.7/km²). The
racial makeup of the city was 78.68%
African American, 0.52%
Native American, 0.88%
Pacific Islander, 16.39% from
other races, and 2.58% from two or
more races. 72.76% of the population were
Latino of any race; most are of
Mexican descent (due to the proximity of the border), but there are
also few numbers of Central and South Americans, Puerto Ricans,
As in other cities in the
Lower Rio Grande Valley, a significant part of Harlingen's transient
population and a significant contributor to its economy consists of
"Winter Texans." Winter Texans are generally retirees from the
northern Midwestern states and Canada who come to escape the
northern winter weather between roughly November and March. Many
live in trailer or recreational vehicle parks.
There were 19,021 households, out of which
38.6% had children under the age of 18, 55.6% were
married couples living together,
16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5%
were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of
individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family
size was 3.44.
In the city the population was spread out with
30.7% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44,
18.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8
males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city
was $30,296, and the median income for a family was $34,015. Males
had a median income of $27,014 versus $21,795 for females. The
per capita income for the city was
$13,886. About 19.3% of families and 24.9% of the population were
poverty line, including 34.7% of
those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.