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Greenville is the
county seat, and the largest city,
Texas, in the
United States. As of the
2010 census, the city population
Greenville was named for
Thomas J. Green, a general in the Texas Army in the war for
Mexico. He later became a member of
the Congress of the
Republic of Texas. The city was
almost named “Pinckneyville” in honor of
James Pinckney Henderson, the first
Governor of Texas.
Greenville is located at
/ 33.12611; -96.10972
United States Census Bureau, the
city has a total area of 34.7 square miles (90 km2), of
which, 33.9 square miles (88 km2) of it is land and 0.8
square miles (2.1 km2) of it (2.30%) is water.
Climate: Greenville's considered to be part of
humid subtropical area.
Demographics: As of the
of 2000, there were
23,960 people, 9,156 households, and 6,171
families residing in the city. The
was 706.5 people per square mile
(272.8/km²). There were 9,977 housing units
at an average density of 294.2 per square
mile (113.6/km²). The racial makeup of the
city was 69.71%
and 2.11% from two or more races.
any race were 14.65% of the population.
There were 9,156
households out of which 31.7% had children
under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4%
were married couples living together, 13.9%
had a female householder with no husband
present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.6%
of all households were made up of
individuals and 11.8% had someone living
alone who was 65 years of age or older. The
average household size was 2.56 and the
average family size was 3.13.
In the city the
population was spread out with 27.0% under
the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.2%
from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and
14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The
median age was 35 years. For every 100
females there were 94.2 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 90.5
The median income for
a household in the city was $34,606, and the
median income for a family was $41,808.
Males had a median income of $31,556 versus
$22,373 for females. The
per capita income
for the city was $17,231. About 11.3% of
families and 16.3% of the population were
including 23.8% of those under age 18 and
14.4% of those age 65 or over.
In early years,
Hunt County was known as the
cotton capital of the world. The
world's largest inland
cotton compress was located in
Greenville until it was destroyed by fire in the mid-1900s.
Currently, the largest industry is
L-3 Communications Missions Integration
Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems
(RIIS, IIS)) a major U.S. Defense contractor located at
Majors Airport. This airport,
created in 1942 and initially financed by the local
Rotary club, was used as a training
P-47 Thunderbolt fighter pilots in
World War II, and since then has
served as a focal point for economic growth in Greenville.
Greenville is also known internationally for its saddle making
Entertainment includes the Kenneth Threadgill
Concert series, which brings well-known Texas performers to the
Municipal Auditorium stage in three concerts per year; the
Greenville Entertainment Series, a subscription concert series
featuring artists from a variety of musical genres; the Symphony
Festival Series, which brings the world-famous Dallas Symphony
Orchestra to Greenville for three concerts and an additional
children's concert per year; and the Greenville Follies, a musical
review showcasing local talent every other year. Local clubs with
musical entertainment, live theater in nearby Commerce, local art
shows, a movie theater and a bowling alley offer year-round
Tourism draws include the
Audie Murphy/American Cotton Museum, Mary of Puddin Hill Chocolate
Factory and the historic downtown area which includes wineries,
antique malls, public gardens and boutique shopping. The Rally
'Round Greenville festival is held the third weekend each September
downtown and includes the Cotton Patch Challenge Bicycle Race and
Tour, an Art Show, Barbecue and Chili Cook-Off, Texas Music Weekend,
Kids Alley and more. Downtown Blooms is held in May to celebrate the
revitalization of the historic Main Street Area.
Greenville is also home to the
Hunt Regional Medical Center.
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