KOSHER DELIGHT - YOUR JEWISH ONLINE MAGAZINE!
JEWISH GALVESTON, TEXAS:
Galveston ( /ˈɡælvɨstən/)
coastal city located on
Galveston Island in the
U.S. state of
Texas. As of the 2010
, the city had a total population of 47,743 within
an area of 208 square miles (540 km2). Located within the
metropolitan area, the city is the
seat and second-largest city of
Galveston County in population.
Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Count of Gálvez,
Galveston's first European settlements on the island were
constructed around 1816. The
Port of Galveston was established
in 1825 by the
Congress of Mexico following its
successful revolution from Spain. The city served as the main port
Texas Navy during the
Texas Revolution and later served
as the capital of the
Republic of Texas.
During the 19th century, Galveston became a
major U.S. commercial center and one of the largest
ports in the
United States. Galveston is known
hurricane that devastated the city
in 1900. The natural disaster that followed still counts as the
deadliest in American history.
Much of Galveston's modern economy is centered
financial industries. The 84-acre
University of Texas Medical Branch
campus with an enrollment of more than 2,500 students is a major
economic force of the city. Galveston is home to six
historic districts containing one
of the largest and historically significant collections of
nineteenth-century buildings with over 60 structures listed in the
National Register of Historic Places.
The city of Galveston is situated on Galveston
barrier island that is made up
mostly of sand-sized particles and smaller amounts of finer mud
sediments and larger gravel-sized sediments on the
Texas Gulf coast near the mainland
coast. The city is about 45 miles (72 km) southeast of downtown
The island is oriented generally
northeast-southwest, with the
Gulf of Mexico on the east and
south, West Bay on the west, and
Galveston Bay on the north. The
island's main access point from the mainland is the
Interstate Highway 45 causeway that
crosses West Bay on the northeast side of the island. A deepwater
channel connects Galveston's harbor with the Gulf and the Gulf
Intracoastal Waterway. According to the
United States Census Bureau, the
city has a total area of 208.4 square miles (540 km2), of
which 46.2 square miles (120 km2) is land and 162.2
square miles (420 km2) and 77.85% is water. The island is
50 miles (80 km) southeast of
The western portion of Galveston is referred
to as the "West End". Communities in eastern Galveston include Lake
Madeline, Offats Bayou, Central City, Fort Crockett, Bayou Shore,
Lasker Park, Carver Park, Kempner Park, Old City/Central Business
District, San Jacinto, East End, and Lindale. Residential
communities in the West End include Laguna Harbor
Galveston's climate is classified as
humid subtropical (Cfa in
Köppen climate classification system).
Prevailing winds from the south and southeast
bring heat from the deserts of
Mexico and moisture from the
Gulf of Mexico.
Summer temperatures regularly exceed 90 °F
(32 °C) and the area's humidity drives the
heat index even higher. Winters
in the area are temperate with typical January highs above 60 °F
(15 °C) and lows near 50 °F (10 °C). Snowfall is generally rare.
Annual rainfall averages well over 40 inches (1,000 mm) a year with
some areas typically receiving over 50 inches (1,300 mm).
Hurricanes are an ever-present
threat during the summer and fall season.
Galveston Island and the
Bolivar Peninsula are generally at
the greatest risk among the communities near the Galveston Bay.
However, though the island and peninsula provide some shielding, the
bay shoreline still faces significant danger from storm surge.
As of the
census of 2000, there were 57,247
people, 23,842 households, and 13,732 families residing in the city.
As of the 2005
U.S. Census estimate
, the city had a total population of 57,466.
population density was 1,240.4
people per square mile (478.9/km²). There were 30,017 housing units
at an average density of 650.4 per square mile (251.1/km²). The
racial makeup of the city was 58.66%
African American, 0.42%
Native American, 3.21%
Pacific Islander, 9.73% from
other races, and 2.41% from two or
more races. 25.77% of the population were
Latino of any race. There were
23,842 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of
18 living with them, 36.6% were
married couples living together,
16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4%
were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of
individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of
age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average
family size was 3.03.
In the city the
population was 23.4% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 29.8%
from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of
age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females
there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there
were 90.4 males. The median income for a household
in the city was $28,895, and the median income
for a family was $35,049. Males had a median income of $30,150
versus $26,030 for females. The
per capita income for the city was
$18,275. About 17.8% of families and 22.3% of the population were
poverty line, including 32.1% of
those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.
KOSHER DELIGHT - YOUR JEWISH ONLINE MAGAZINE! כושר דילייט - מגזין
החדשות והמידע מהעולם היהודי ומישראל, כולל מסעדות כשרות, בתי כנסת ועוד ועוד