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Pesach Schedule

All times listed are NY times.

For worldwide times on the web please visit my website:


If anyone still needs to sell their Chametz, follow the instructions on chabad.org/holidays/passover/sell_chometz.htm

The search for Chametz is Thursday night, April 2nd after 7:54 p.m.

The fast if the firstborn is Friday April 3rd.

Chametz may be eaten until 10:51 a.m. Monday April 3rd.

Chametz must be burnt or sold before 11:55 a.m. Before 11:55 one must declare “All Chametz (leavening or leavened products) in my possession are hereby null, void, and ownerless like the dust of the earth.”

Pesach extends from the night of April 3rd through April 11th at 8:04 p.m. April 4th, 5th, 10th, and 11th are holidays.

Tefillin are not worn the entire week according to the Chabad custom.

Candle lighting is 7:04 on Friday April 3rd. The blessing for Shabbat and Yom Tov (Baruch Attah Adonai Eloheinu Melech Haolam Asher Kidshanu B’mitzvotav V’tzivanu Lhadlik Ner Shel Shabbat V’yom Tov) is said when lighting candles and Shabbat is mentioned in Kiddush and the grace after meals.

Shehechiyanu (Baruch Attah Adonai Eloheinu Melech Haolam Shehechiyanu V’kiymanu V’higiyanu Lizman Hazeh) is said at candle lighting and in Kiddush.

Please endeavor to include as many Jews as possible in the Pesach Seder both nights.

The Kabbalah teaches that the Matzah of the first Seder is the bread of faith and the second Seder is the bread of healing.

Shabbat during Musaf we stop praying for rain and begin to pray for dew throughout the summer.

Candle lighting Saturday night is after 8:05 from an existing flame. Only the blessing for Yom Tov (Baruch Attah Adonai Eloheinu Melech Haolam Asher Kidshanu B’mitzvotav V’tzivanu Lhadlik Ner Shel Yom Tov) and Shehechiyanu is said.

Counting the Omer begins Saturday night. Every night until Shavuot we count the days after nightfall. The blessing is Baruch Atta Adonai Eloheinu Melech Haolam Asher Kid’shanu B’mizvotav V’tzivanu Al Sefirat Ha’omer. On Saturday night we say today is one day of the Omer. May the All Merciful return to us the Temple service in its place speedily in our days. Amen. Selah. On Sunday night we say the blessing and count today is two days of the Omer etc. Next Friday night we count today is seven days, which are one week of the Omer etc. Next Saturday night we count today is eight days, which are one week and one day of the Omer etc. If the Omer wasn’t counted at night, we count during the day without a blessing. Thereafter, we continue to count with a blessing. If we miss an entire day, we continue to count without a blessing.

For a lengthy discussion of counting the Omer, please visit my website


There is a link to subscribe for daily reminders via email.

The Kiddush Saturday night is a combination of Kiddush and an extended Havdalah, as printed in the Haggadah. There is also a subtle change in the blessing before the second cup of wine.

The holiday ends 8:06 p.m. Saturday night with Havdalah.

Monday through Thursday are Chol Hamoed, the intermediate days of Pesach, when it is a Mitzvah to celebrate and a great time to enjoy the family.

Thursday, April 9th Candle lighting is at 7:11. Only the blessing for Yom Tov (see above) is said. Shehechiyanu is not said.

Friday, April 10th Candle lighting is at 7:12 from an existing candle. The blessing for Shabbat and Yom Tov (see above) is said in candle lighting and Kiddush. Shehechiyanu is not said.

Yizkor is recited Saturday after the Torah reading.

There is a tradition from the Baal Shem Tov to eat a festive meal Shabbat afternoon and drink four cups of wine and share words of Torah particularly concerning Moshiach. This is known as Seudat Moshiach, Moshiach’s meal. The Rebbe has strongly encouraged that everyone participate in Moshiach’s meal, and has taught that this meal is a great source of blessings.

The holiday ends 8:13 Saturday night. Regular Havdalah is recited.


Pesach and Shabbat-True Freedom


  This year the Seder falls on Friday night. There is a deep connection between the two. Pesach is the time of our freedom. In a deeper sense we are celebrating the freedom of our souls. When we left Egypt we received the Torah, which connected us with Hashem in His infiniteness and lifted us above the boundaries of the world. Mitzrayim (Egypt) in Hebrew means boundaries. Leaving Mitzrayim means going beyond the mundane world and reaching the infinite.


  Shabbat is the same concept. Shabbat is a day of the week when we are freed from mundane pursuits and can dedicate ourselves to our souls, Hashem and our family. We commemorate the creation and celebrate Hashem’s rest, a step higher than creation. We have a festive family meal like the Seder. The Seder illuminates the Friday night meal. Just like the essence of the Seder is the Haggadah, not just the meal, the essence of the Shabbat meal is the words of Torah and the singing and rejoicing. The Alter Rebbe writes that just like we are a composite of body and soul, soul is he Shabbat meal. The delicacies are the body. The words of Torah are the soul. This is a lesson when the Shabbat meal coincides with the Seder: let every Friday night be filled with discussions of Torah and songs of praise and joy. Then every Shabbat will be imbued with true freedom.


  The Hebrew word Pharaoh is the same letters as Haoref, the back of the neck. When we don’t truly face Hashem, that is the root of servitude. When we turn to Him with our whole being, that is the root of redemption.


An Insight From the Haggadah-Seeking to Be a Participant


  The Haggadah begins with a story of a group of Rabbis who discussed the Exodus the entire evening. The simple meaning is that the Haggadah should be discussed with fervor however knowledgeable we are. The Rebbe notes that many of the scholars could chose to feel excluded from the experience. Among them there were Kohanim and Levites, whose forefathers were exempt from slave labor. Among them were descendents of converts, whose family were never in Egypt. They still immersed themselves in the Seder. The simple reason is that the exodus was primarily spiritual, and all of sanctity was imprisoned until the impurity of Egypt was broken. They offer us a deep lesson in life. When there is a Mitzvah to be done or an opportunity for self improvement, many people chose to seek opportunities to excuse themselves. The Rabbis in Bnei Brak taught us to immerse ourselves in any opportunity to become closer to Hashem.


Shevi’i Shel Pesach-Move forward Towards Your Goal!

  Shalom and Bracha!


  Friday April 10th and Shabbat April 11th we celebrate the last two days of Pesach. On the Seventh day of Pesach we celebrate the splitting of the Red Sea. As the Jewish people fled Egypt, Hashem hardened Pharaoh’s heart and he pursued them. As the Jews reached the Red Sea, they found themselves completely surrounded. The sea was on one side, and the approaching army was on the other. The people were thrown into a panic, and were divided as to what to do. Some felt it was better to commit suicide by jumping into the sea rather than capitulate. Some felt it was better to return to servitude. Others felt it was better to try their hands at war, and still others felt they should dedicate themselves to prayer.

  Moshe answered the Jewish people “Fear not. Stand strong and you shall see the salvation of Hashem that He will perform today. You will never again see Egypt as you have seen them today. Hashem will battle for you. Be still.” Thereafter, Hashem told Moshe “Speak to the Jewish people and they should go forward.” Nachshon Ben Aminadav, the leader of the tribe of Yehudah, bravely entered the waters and proceeded forward until they split.

  The four approaches mentioned above represent different reactions to problems in following Hashem’s direction in life. Suicide represents the inability to fulfill one’s mission. Although more idealistic than returning to Egypt, it rejects the principle purpose of our existence, to make the world a divine place. Returning to Egypt represents a lack of faith in the ability to fulfill Hashem’s direction. Battle represents attempting to deal with the world with only our own finite powers. By only praying, we ignore Hashem’s directive to accomplish things ourselves.

  We left Egypt with the goal to receive the Torah at Mount Sinai. However great the obstacles were, Hashem told us not to lose focus on our mission. All of the above approaches did nothing to advance us towards receiving the Torah, and as such were wrong. Only by pressing forward with Hashem’s mission with full faith in success can we progress.

  Often, we find it difficult to follow the Torah while living within society. Challenges lead us to feel we must either escape the world or forgo certain Mitzvot. The splitting of the sea teaches us that we must face and overcome challenges by focusing only on the mission of Hashem and we will then surely succeed.

  Nachshon was the head of the tribe of Yehudah, from whom Moshiach stems. On the eighth day of Pesach, we celebrate the coming redemption. May our resolve to follow the Torah in an unwavering manner hasten his coming and may we conclude this Pesach in Yerushalayim.

The Baal Shem Tov instituted a custom to conclude the holiday with a meal celebrating the coming of Moshiach. Matzah is eaten and four cups of wine are consumed. The Rebbe added that each cup should be consumed with the intent to hasten Moshiach’s coming. This year, when the meal of Moshiach is celebrated on Shabbat, there is a greater fervor. Moshiach’s time is referred to as one extended Shabbat, and every Shabbat is a glimpse into the days of Moshiach. When Moshiach’s meal falls on Shabbat, our yearning is amplified. May the continuation of this meal be the great feast Hashem has prepared for the coming of Moshiach!

Shabbat Shalom and Chag Kasher V’Sameach,

 Rabbi Biggs


Dedicated in honor of the Rebbe on his 113th birthday. May we follow his teachings and speedily see the coming of Moshiach.


There is a great Pesach Website with loads of information, instructions on selling Chametz and Seder locations throughout the world at



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